Learn About Curl Patterns

Learn Your Curl Pattern & Type

Figuring out your curl pattern can be tricky to figure nowadays. We all have different nationalities and genetics that have created so many beautifully unique people. Even within traditional families, hair types and needs can greatly differ. I am going to show you different curl patterns and how they affect your daily style routine. Changing your care and styling routine can save you time and a life of frustration. Everyone deserves great hair days.


There are 4 recognized curl types and 10 different patterns of curly hair. Each curl has its own unique characteristics and needs. Go ahead, just retrieve a few strands from your comb or brush to follow along. Let’s learn more.


Type 1: Straight- Characterized by the lack of curl or being straight bone. This is usually achieved by relaxers or other chemicals. This look can also be achieved by a heating technique called a “silk press”. This type of hair benefits most from light moisturizers applied more often.

Type 2A, 2B, & 2C:  Wavy-This curl pattern usually is seen as a deep wave with a little curl. The “S” shape usually stays close to the scalp and has very little body. This curl pattern usually does not require large amounts of moisture and is generally shiny.

Type 3A, 3B, & 3C: Curly-This texture is unique in that it’s fine and soft with a ‘Q’ shaped pattern. This hair type is not very lustrous but has lots of bounce. This type of hair may look straight when wet but dries curly. This curl pattern generally benefits from oil or cream moisturizer.

Most African American and other ethnic hair types fall under type 3 and 4 with a minority being type 2.


Type 4A, 4B, & 4C: Kinky / Curly- It’s very tightly curled and tends to be wiry. Some 4’s have a looser coil with spiral shaped strands while others have a tighter kink with a zig zag letter ‘Z’ formation. Because of the tight curl pattern, it makes it the driest and most fragile of the hair types. This type of hair benefits from heavier moisturizers like shea butter.

Getting to know your hair type and texture is half the battle in winning great hair. Washing and caring for your particular hair type will also keep it healthier and more manageable.

Learning about your special curl pattern is very important to avoid breakage, improve the health, and save the retention length of your hair. You should also learn how to find your porosity level of your hair. The porosity of your hair will determine how it handles products and care. Please read my other blogs about porosity levels and your hair. 

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